A task force of troops which are composed of personnel from the American-South Korean alliance, [1] it is based at the Yongsan Army Garrison[2] located in the Yongsan District of Seoul, South Korea. The first mission of the Eighth Army, in Septemberwas to take over from the U. The 8th Army again followed in the wake of the Sixth Army in December, when it took over control of operations on Leyte Island on 26 December.

Eighth Army's final operation of the Pacific War was that of clearing out the southern Philippines of the Japanese Armyincluding on the major island of Mindanaoan effort that occupied the soldiers of the Eighth Army for the rest of the war.

Eighth Army was to have participated in Operation Downfallthe invasion of Japan. However, instead of invading Japan, Eighth Army found itself in charge of occupying it peacefully.

At the beginning ofEighth Army assumed responsibility for occupying all of Japan. Four quiet years then followed, during which the Eighth Army gradually deteriorated from a combat-ready fighting force into a somewhat soft, minimally-trained constabulary. Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker took command inand he tried to re-invigorate the Army's training, but he was largely unsuccessful. This situation was to have serious consequences in South Korea.

American naval and air forces quickly became involved in combat operations, and it was soon clear that American ground forces would have to be committed.

To stem the North Korean advance, the occupation forces in Japan were thus shipped off to South Korea as quickly as possible, but their lack of training and equipment was telling, as some of the initial American units were destroyed by the North Koreans. However, the stage was eventually reached as enough units of Eighth Army arrived in Korea to make a firm front. The North Koreans threw themselves against that front, the Pusan Perimeterand failed to break it. In the meantime, Eighth Army had reorganized, since it had too many divisions under its command for it to exercise effective control directly.

The stalemate was broken by the Inchon landings of the X Corps tenth corps, consisting of soldiers and Marines. The North Korean forces, when confronted with this threat to their rear areas, combined with a breakout operation at Pusan, broke away and hastily retired. However, once American units neared the Yalu River and the frontier between North Korea and China, the Chinese intervened and drastically changed the character of the war.

Eighth Army was decisively defeated at the Battle of the Chongchon River and forced to retreat all the way back to South Korea. American historian Clay Blair noted that the Eighth Army was left completely unprotected on its right flank due to the Turkish Brigade 's retreat despite myths that arose about the Turks killing enemies by bayonet. The defeat of the U.

Eighth Army resulted in the longest retreat of any American military unit in history. The overstretched Eighth Army suffered heavily with the Chinese offensive, who were able to benefit from shorter lines of communication and with rather casually deployed enemy forces. The Chinese offensive continued pressing American forces, which lost Seoulthe South Korean capital.

Eighth Army's morale and esprit de corps hit rock bottom, to where it was widely regarded as a broken, defeated rabble. General Ridgway forcefully restored Eighth Army to combat effectiveness over several months. Eight Army slowed and finally halted the Chinese advance at the battles of Chipyong-ni and Wonju. It then counter-attacked the Chinese, re-took Seoul, and drove to the 38th parallel where the front stabilized. After the war of movement during the first stages, the fighting in Korea settled down to a war of attrition.

Ceasefire negotiations were begun at the village of Panmunjom in the summer ofand they dragged on for two years. When the Military Demarcation Line was finally agreed to by the Korean Armistice Agreementthe Eighth Army had failed in its mission of capturing the Korean peninsular, but the realities of a limited war in a world of nuclear weapons had become obvious. South Korea and North Korea continued on as separate states. American forces will be withdrawn. Air cover will be continued.

Eventually one combat battalion and about 2, non-combat troops were withdrawn. Besides forming a trip-wire against another North Korean invasion, the 2nd Infantry Division remained there as the only Army unit in South Korea armed with tactical nuclear weapons. Otherwise, there is only the U.The first mission of the Eighth Army, in Septemberwas to take over from the U. Eighth Army's final operation of the Pacific War was that of clearing out the southern Philippines of the Japanese Armyincluding on the major island of Mindanao, an effort that occupied the soldiers of the Eighth Army for the rest of the war.

Eighth Army was to have participated in Operation Downfallthe invasion of Japan. However, instead of invading Japan, Eighth Army found itself in charge of occupying it peacefully.

At the beginning ofEighth Army assumed responsibility for occupying all of Japan.

eighth united states army notable commanders

Four quiet years then followed, during which the Eighth Army gradually deteriorated from a combat-ready fighting force into a somewhat soft, minimally-trained constabulary. Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker took command inand he tried to re-invigorate the Army's training, but he was largely unsuccessful.

This situation was to have serious consequences in South Korea. Fighting with the 2nd Inf.

eighth united states army notable commanders

American naval and air forces quickly became involved in combat operations, and it was soon clear that American ground forces would have to be committed. To stem the North Korean advance, the occupation forces in Japan were thus shipped off to South Korea as quickly as possible, but their lack of training and equipment was telling, as some of the initial American units were destroyed by the North Koreans.

Welcome to Eighth Army (Full)

However, the stage was eventually reached as enough units of Eighth Army arrived in Korea to make a firm front. The North Koreans threw themselves against that front, the Pusan Perimeterand failed to break it. In the meantime, Eighth Army had reorganized, since it had too many divisions under its command for it to exercise effective control directly.

The stalemate was broken by the Inchon landings of the X Corps tenth corps, consisting of soldiers and Marines.

eighth united states army notable commanders

The North Korean forces, when confronted with this threat to their rear areas, combined with a breakout operation at Pusan, broke away and hastily retired. However, once American units neared the Yalu River and the frontier between North Korea and China, the Chinese intervened and drastically changed the character of the war. Eighth Army was decisively defeated at the Battle of the Chongchon River and forced to retreat all the way back to South Korea.

The defeat of the U. Eighth Army resulted in the longest retreat of any American military unit in history.Activated just eight weeks before the June Normandy landingsthe Ninth Army was one of the main U.

Army combat commands used during the campaign in Northwest Europe in and It was commanded at its inception by Lieutenant General William Simpson.

It had been designated Eighth Army, but on arrival in the United Kingdom it was renamed to avoid confusion with the famous British formation of the same designation. All American field armies in the European Theatre of Operation were designated with odd numbers, even numbered field armies served in the Pacific Theatre of Operations. The first responsibility for Ninth Army, upon its arrival on 5 September was to take part in the final reduction of the German forces holding out in the French port of Brest.

After the surrender of the town fifteen days later, Ninth Army was sent east to take its place in the line. It came into the line between Third Army and First Army. It undertook operations to close the front up to the Roer River. Simpson reoriented his command quickly to help in the reduction of the salient that the Germans had created. Many of Ninth Army's units passed to the command of First Army, which was doing the main work of reducing the German salient from the north.

In the meantime, the remainder of Ninth Army continued to hold the line along the Roer. In late February the Ninth Army launched Operation Grenadewhich was the southern prong of a pincer attack coordinated with Canadian First Army 's Operation Veritablewith the purpose of closing the front up to the Rhine.

By 10 March, the Rhine had been reached in all sectors of Ninth Army's front. However, after doing so, the Army quickly struck east around the north of the Ruhr. The end was now clearly in sight, and as part of Ninth Army, along with the newly arrived Fifteenth Armyreduced the enormous Ruhr Pocketother elements reached the Elbe on 12 April. On 2 Maythe whole of Ninth Army's front reached the agreed demarcation point with the Russians, and the advance ceased.

InU. Following its reformation the army controlled, and continues to control, the following units; [5].

Army Africa will merge with U. Army Europe to form a new command, U. Army Europe-Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ninth Army Ninth Army shoulder sleeve insignia. Universal Newsreel. Retrieved 21 February Warfare History Network. Retrieved 16 March Retrieved 20 November Association of the United States Army.

Retrieved 1 October United States Army. Individual weapons Crew-served weapons Vehicles. Categories : Field armies of the United States Military units and formations established in Hidden categories: Use dmy dates from October Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.He held the latter post until the end of the war, commanding the corps in the Battle of the BulgeOperation Varsity and the Western Allied invasion of Germany.

Several historians have credited Ridgway for turning the war around in favor of the UN side. His long military career was recognized by the award of the Presidential Medal of Freedom on May 12, by President Ronald Reaganwho stated that: "Heroes come when they're needed; great men step forward when courage seems in short supply. He lived in various military bases all throughout his childhood. He later remarked that his "earliest memories are of guns and marching men, of rising to the sound of the reveille gun and lying down to sleep at night while the sweet, sad notes of 'Taps' brought the day officially to an end.

Ridgway failed the entrance exam the first time due to his inexperience with mathematicsbut after intensive self-study he succeeded the second time.

Inhe was commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Army. Beginning his career during World War IRidgway was assigned to duty on the border with Mexico as a member of the 3rd Infantry Regimentand then to the West Point faculty as an instructor in Spanish.

He was disappointed that he was not assigned to combat duty during the war, feeling that "the soldier who had had no share in this last great victory of good over evil would be ruined. InRidgway became an advisor to the Governor-General of the Philippines. He served in the War Plans Division until Januaryand was promoted to the one-star general officer rank of brigadier general that month. Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December and the subsequent American entry into World War II, Ridgway was promoted rapidly from lieutenant colonel to major general in the space of only four months.

In February he was assigned as Assistant Division Commander of the 82nd Infantry Divisionwhich was then in the process of formation. The division was under the command of Major General Omar Bradleya fellow infantryman who Ridgway highly respected. The two men trained the thousands of men joining the division over the next few months. In August, two months after Bradley's reassignment to command of the 28th Infantry DivisionRidgway was promoted to the two-star rank of major general in April and was given command of the 82nd Division.

The 82nd, having finished all of its basic training and already established an excellent combat record in World War I, had earlier been chosen to become one of the army's five new airborne divisions. The conversion of an entire infantry division to airborne status was an unprecedented step for the United States Army, and required much training, testing, and experimentation.

Thus the division was, on August 15,redesignated as the 82nd Airborne Division. Initially composed of the thth and th Infantry Regimentsall of which were due to be converted into glider infantrythe th was soon transferred out of the 82nd to help form the st Airborne Divisioncommanded by Major General William C.

Unlike his men, Ridgway did not first go through airborne jump school before joining the division. However, he successfully converted the 82nd into a combat-ready airborne division; he remained in command and eventually earned his paratrooper wings. Ridgway helped plan the airborne element of the invasion of Sicily. Despite some successes, Sicily nearly saw an end to the airborne division. Due mainly to circumstances beyond Ridgway's control the 82nd suffered heavy casualties in Sicily, including the division's Assistant Division Commander, Brigadier General Charles L.

Pattoncommander of the Seventh United States Army under whose command the 82nd fellthat, out of the more than 5, paratroopers of the 82nd Airborne Division who had jumped into Sicily, he had fewer than under his control.

During the planning for the invasion of the Italian mainlandthe 82nd was tasked with taking Rome by coup de main in Operation Giant II. Ridgway strongly objected to this unrealistic plan, which would have dropped the 82nd on the outskirts of the Italian capital of Rome in the midst of two German heavy divisions.

The operation was canceled only hours before launch. The 82nd did, however, play a significant role in the Allied invasion of Italy at Salerno in September which, but for a drop by Ridgway's two parachute regiments, may well have seen the Allies pushed back into the sea. The 82nd Airborne Division subsequently saw brief service in the early stages of the Italian Campaignhelping the Allies to break through the Volturno Line in October.

The division then returned to occupation duties in the recently liberated Italian city of Naples and saw little further action thereafter and in November departed Italy for Northern Ireland.

However, Lieutenant General Mark W.The Eighth Army is a U. It commands U. It is the only field army in the U. The first mission of the Eighth Army, in Septemberwas to take over from the U. Eighth Army's final operation of the Pacific War was that of clearing out the southern Philippines of the Japanese Armyincluding on the major island of Mindanaoan effort that occupied the soldiers of the Eighth Army for the rest of the war.

Eighth Army was to have participated in Operation Downfallthe invasion of Japan. However, the Japanese surrender cancelled the invasion, and the Eighth Army found itself in charge of occupying it peacefully. At the beginning ofEighth Army assumed responsibility for occupying all of Japan. Four quiet years then followed, during which the Eighth Army gradually deteriorated from a combat-ready fighting force into a somewhat soft, minimally-trained constabulary.

Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker took command in Septemberand he tried to re-invigorate the Army's training, but he was largely unsuccessful. This situation was to have serious consequences in South Korea. To stem the North Korean advance, the occupation forces in Japan were thus shipped off to South Korea as quickly as possible, but their lack of training and equipment was telling, as some of the initial U.

However, the stage was eventually reached as enough units of Eighth Army arrived in Korea to make a firm front. The North Koreans threw themselves against that front, the Pusan Perimeterand failed to break it.

eighth united states army notable commanders

Eighth Army arrived in July and never left. Thomas S. In the meantime, Eighth Army had reorganized, since it had too many divisions under its command for it to exercise effective control directly. The stalemate was broken by the Inchon landings of the X Corps tenth corps, consisting of soldiers and Marines. The North Korean forces, when confronted with this threat to their rear areas, combined with a breakout operation at Pusan, broke away and hastily retired north.

However, once U. Eighth Army was decisively defeated at the Battle of the Chongchon River and forced to retreat all the way back to South Korea.

The defeat of the U. Eighth Army resulted in the longest retreat of any U. The overstretched Eighth Army suffered heavily with the Chinese offensive, who were able to benefit from shorter lines of communication and with rather casually deployed enemy forces. The Chinese broke through the U. The Chinese offensive continued pressing U. Eighth Army's morale and esprit de corps hit rock bottom, to where it was widely regarded as a broken, defeated rabble.

General Ridgway forcefully restored Eighth Army to combat effectiveness over several months. Eighth Army slowed and ultimately halted the Chinese advance at the battles of Chipyong-ni and Wonju.It also performs missions in Southeast Asia, in the countries stretching from the Philippines all the way to Bangladesh and India. However, subordinate units of this command sometimes perform humanitarian missions in places such as HaitiCubaand the Middle East.

Command Group [3]. Army PacificFort Shafter. Former units include the U. Army Chemical Activity, Pacific, at Johnston Atollwhich traced some of its history to the th Chemical Company and the Project biological warfare defense experiments. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from US Army Pacific. Department of the Army U. Indo-Pacific Command. US Army. United States Army Pacific. United States Army.

Retrieved 30 September Individual weapons Crew-served weapons Vehicles. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. United States. Fort ShafterHawaii. White and red. Army Pacific. Paul J. Jonathan P.

United States Army Pacific

Daniel F. CSM Scott A. Lieutenant General Claude M. Kicklighter born Lieutenant General Johnnie H. Corns — Lieutenant General Robert L. Ord III born Major General Stephen Silvasy Jr. Lieutenant General William M. Lieutenant General Edwin P. Smith born Lieutenant General James L.The Eighth Army is a U. It commands U. It is the only field army in the U.

The first mission of the Eighth Army, in Septemberwas to take over from the U. Eighth Army's final operation of the Pacific War was that of clearing out the southern Philippines of the Japanese Armyincluding on the major island of Mindanaoan effort that occupied the soldiers of the Eighth Army for the rest of the war.

Eighth Army was to have participated in Operation Downfallthe invasion of Japan. However, the Japanese surrender cancelled the invasion, and the Eighth Army found itself in charge of occupying it peacefully.

At the beginning ofEighth Army assumed responsibility for occupying all of Japan. Four quiet years then followed, during which the Eighth Army gradually deteriorated from a combat-ready fighting force into a somewhat soft, minimally-trained constabulary. Lieutenant General Walton H. Walker took command in Septemberand he tried to re-invigorate the Army's training, but he was largely unsuccessful. This situation was to have serious consequences in South Korea.

To stem the North Korean advance, the occupation forces in Japan were thus shipped off to South Korea as quickly as possible, but their lack of training and equipment was telling, as some of the initial U. However, the stage was eventually reached as enough units of Eighth Army arrived in Korea to make a firm front.

The North Koreans threw themselves against that front, the Pusan Perimeterand failed to break it. Eighth Army arrived in July and never left. Thomas S. In the meantime, Eighth Army had reorganized, since it had too many divisions under its command for it to exercise effective control directly.

The stalemate was broken by the Inchon landings of the X Corps tenth corps, consisting of soldiers and Marines. The North Korean forces, when confronted with this threat to their rear areas, combined with a breakout operation at Pusan, broke away and hastily retired north.

However, once U.

Matthew Ridgway

Eighth Army was decisively defeated at the Battle of the Chongchon River and forced to retreat all the way back to South Korea. The defeat of the U. Eighth Army resulted in the longest retreat of any U. The overstretched Eighth Army suffered heavily with the Chinese offensive, who were able to benefit from shorter lines of communication and with rather casually deployed enemy forces.

The Chinese broke through the U.